Most commonly, the inotropic state is used in reference to various drugs that affect the strength of contraction of heart muscle (myocardial contractility). However, it can also refer to pathological conditions. For example, enlarged heart muscle (ventricular hypertrophy) can increase inotropic state, while dead heart muscle (myocardial infarction) can decrease it.
Examples of Inotropes, generic (and Brand) names
All medications are approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for a specific patient group or condition. Only your doctor knows which medications are appropriate for you.
Digoxin (Digitek, Lanoxicaps, Lanoxin)
What they're used for
- To improve symptoms of heart failure and related conditions, such as low ejection fraction (EF)
- To slow the heart rate in response to atrial fibrillation (fast rhythm in the heart's upper chambers)
How they work
The term "inotrope" describes the strength and force of the heartbeat.
Taking inotropic medications can:
- Make the heart beat more strongly and efficiently
- Help slow and control the heart rate for certain arrhythmias